1.24

Showing comments and forms 1 to 30 of 56

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 3616

Received: 16/08/2021

Representation Summary:

I have put object as I don't understand why there is the assumption that Colworth traffic will head to Northants, they may well go east to Cambridge partly via the A6, or into Bedford if unable to get public transport from the station should they use the train

Full text:

I have put object as I don't understand why there is the assumption that Colworth traffic will head to Northants, they may well go east to Cambridge partly via the A6, or into Bedford if unable to get public transport from the station should they use the train

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 3953

Received: 29/08/2021

Representation Summary:

The model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been
validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model
(NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it
doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic
models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised
forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent
data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Full text:

The model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been
validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model
(NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it
doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic
models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised
forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent
data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 3978

Received: 29/08/2021

Representation Summary:

Showing a more than a 60 second delay at the black cat round about if dennybrook is built is just not clear to say how large a delay there will be. There is more of a delay to get on the barford road at the moment without additional houses

Full text:

Showing a more than a 60 second delay at the black cat round about if dennybrook is built is just not clear to say how large a delay there will be. There is more of a delay to get on the barford road at the moment without additional houses

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 4141

Received: 30/08/2021

Representation Summary:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Full text:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 4159

Received: 30/08/2021

Representation Summary:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been
validated/ calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model
(NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it
doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic
models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised
forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent
data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Full text:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been
validated/ calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model
(NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it
doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic
models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised
forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent
data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 4223

Received: 30/08/2021

Representation Summary:

Too complex to understand and make an informed decision.

Full text:

Too complex to understand and make an informed decision.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 4460

Received: 31/08/2021

Representation Summary:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Full text:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 4536

Received: 01/09/2021

Representation Summary:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment.

Full text:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 4621

Received: 01/09/2021

Representation Summary:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Full text:

I have severe Parkinson’s and cannot type easily. Please duplicate all of Staploe Parish Councils responses for my views.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 4861

Received: 02/09/2021

Representation Summary:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because it has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Full text:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because it has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 5580

Received: 06/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 5630

Received: 07/09/2021

Representation Summary:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 5683

Received: 07/09/2021

Representation Summary:

The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

As part of the Bedford Borough Transport Model documents it is quoted that average departing trips are 20 to 25 vehicles, which may be below the trip rates assumed as part of a detailed development assessment. The extract below is taken from the New Settlement West of Wyboston document.







It is unknown what scenario of Dennybrook (site 977) development that the above “20 to 25 outbound car vehicle trips in the AM peak hour” relate to, however an outbound TRCS residential trip rate is somewhere between 0.23 to 0.33 vehicles per dwelling.
The development scenario ranges from 2,500 dwellings to 10,150 dwellings. On this basis and using a 0.25 departure trip rate results in 625 to 2,538 departing trips all of which would be home based departure trips. The model assumes 5 loading zones which therefore means there could be 125 to 508 vehicles per loading zone. This is significantly higher than the 20 to 25 outbound vehicle used by the AECOM model, assuming they have loaded it per node.
AECOM may claim that some of the departing trips will be internal and therefore will not cross cordon line however taking the 125 departing vehicle trips associated with 2,500 dwellings scenario; 20% of these departing vehicles are considered not to be leaving the area. This percentage decreases further if the worst case number of dwellings is being considered, i.e. 10,150 dwellings. It has previously been highlighted that the AECOM model has not be validated / calibrated and now given the apparent significant under valuation of the likely vehicle trips that will be generated, it is clear that the assessment of the capacity of junctions and the highway network is fundamentally flawed.
The significant undervaluation of generated vehicle trips could be argued by AECOM as being a reduction due to the impact of the public transport. However, the proposed new railway stations associated with the East West Rail Link are located to the east of the A1, which is significantly far enough away for the Dennybook development to be considered to not directly serve it without requiring a vehicle car trip to be generated. In this scenario it more likely that occupiers of Dennybrook (site 977) dwellings will continue their journey by car as opposed to transferring onto rail.
Given this all of the assessments undertaken by AECOM to determine the rerouting and vehicle km travelled for any scenario are highly unlikely to be representative.
Town planning principles are that new development should be centred on and around existing sustainable urban area where local infrastructure exists and allow residents to travel using public transport to serve the development which can be easily extended.
If larger new settlements are the only realistic option then they should be centred on transport hubs such as new railway stations so that they become the heart of the community and the de facto mode of travel. Locating a new settlement on the edge of town / out of town where the transport hub is also not well connected leads to a disjointed sustainable public transport which will always be second best to car travel.
For this reason we believe that if a new settlement is required the preferred option should be Little Barford as it will be very close to the new East West Rail station and within walking distance of the current mainline station at St Neots. However, our second preferred option would be Twinwoods where we believe a parkway station and mitigations for the A6 can be provided towards the end of the plan period. Much of the site is brownfield land, there are no flooding issues and it does not engulf a local existing settlement.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 5734

Received: 07/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 5764

Received: 07/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g., MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities.
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions.
• journey times.
• queue lengths at busy junctions.
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g., roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.
100-word Summary
The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 5842

Received: 08/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.
100 word summary
The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 5916

Received: 08/09/2021

Representation Summary:

The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is FUNDAMENTALLY FLAWED for the following reasons:
• General: No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport guidance.
• 2.4.3 Despite employment land being allocated in the BBC options, AECOM have assumed that no employment has been assumed to be associated with the proposed developments. This underestimates the journeys of employees and delivery vehicles to/from the sites.
• 2.4.4 AECOM have not applied site-specific trip rates but have adopted trip rates using a DfT model (CTripEnd). This results in “around 20 to 25 outbound car vehicle trips in the AM peak hour,”. The Little Barford and Dennybrook development scenario options range between 3085 and 14,105 houses. With a likely 2 cars per household, i.e. up to 28,210 cars, allowing only 20-25 cars is clearly a gross underestimate of the number of outbound car vehicle trips in the AM peak.
Given these, all of the assessments undertaken by AECOM to determine the rerouting, vehicle km travelled, junction delays and junction-capacity ratios for any scenario are highly unlikely to be representative.
Please refer to my specific comments regarding Dennybrook in item 1.25.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 5962

Received: 08/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.
100 word summary
The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6002

Received: 08/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6097

Received: 09/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6201

Received: 09/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6292

Received: 10/09/2021

Representation Summary:

The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
 No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
 It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
 TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
 For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
 comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
 checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
 checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
 Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
 data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
 counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
 journey times;
 queue lengths at busy junctions;
 interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
 These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
 AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
 It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6416

Received: 13/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6423

Received: 13/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential
pg. 11 of 23
to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6529

Received: 13/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6588

Received: 14/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

1.24 100 word summary

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6710

Received: 14/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6748

Received: 14/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6800

Received: 15/09/2021

Representation Summary:

• The Transport Modelling undertaken by AECOM in support of the strategic options in the Draft Local Plan 2040 is fundamentally flawed for the following reasons.
• No validation or calibration of the traffic model has been undertaken which is not in keeping with Department for Transport WebTAG guidance.
• It is assumed that the Bedford Borough Transport Model was undertaken using Saturn, which was the model of choice for the Bedford Town Centre modelling project in 2015. In this case, Saturn cannot directly Model Public Transport therefore it is assumed that the engineers have made some significant assumptions with respect to public transport and trips being used, which have not been validated or calibrated.
• TAG unit M1.2 introduces the National Trip End Model (NTEM). It includes forecasts of population, households, workforce and jobs over 30 years which are used in a series of models that forecast population, employment, car ownership, trip ends and traffic growth by Middle Layer Super Output Area (MSOA). The NTEM data set can be viewed using the TEMPro (Trip End Model Presentation Program) software. TEMPro estimates of trip ends at any level below aggregate regions (e.g. MSOA, district, or county level) are subject to uncertainty and should not be used as constraints in matrix development process without verification and possible adjustments. No uncertainty log was prepared which is a recommendation of WebTAG modelling guidance.
• For direct use in matrix development, trip rate information estimated from household survey data should be considered instead to underpin trip end estimates at zone level. There is a risk that model may not be realistic or sensible due to the error around the model parameters used, or limitations in the extent to which the model can represent human behaviour. Therefore, before using any mathematical model, it is essential to check that it produces credible outputs consistent with observed behaviour. This is usually done by running the model for the base year (either the current year or a recent year), and:
• comparing its outputs with independent data (validation);
• checking that its response to changes in inputs is realistic, based on results from independent evidence (realism testing); and
• checking that the model responds appropriately to all its main inputs (sensitivity testing).
• Five types of data can be collected and used to inform most models:
• data on the transport network, including the physical layout, number of lanes, signal timings, public transport frequencies and capacities;
• counts of vehicles or persons on transport services, links or at junctions;
• journey times;
• queue lengths at busy junctions;
• interview surveys, in which transport users are asked to describe trips either through household travel diaries or intercept surveys (e.g. roadside interviews, public transport onboard interview surveys.
• These types of checks have not been undertaken to validate / calibrate the model.
• AECOM have derived trip ends using CTripEnds for a number of journey purposes. Expanding synthetic trip ends produced by CTripEnd to the local zoning system is considered to be subject to significant discrepancies from observed especially if validation and the calibration exercise has not been undertaken.
• It is also important to note that strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. For such an assessment it is recommended a revised forecast model would be produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data and targeted to reflect a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling effort.

Object

Local Plan 2040 Draft Plan - Strategy options and draft policies consultation

Representation ID: 6848

Received: 13/09/2021

Representation Summary:

The transport model used by AECOM is fundamentally flawed because the model has not been validated / calibrated (particularly with respect to public transport), the National Trip End Model (NTEM) should not be used below district / county level, no uncertainty log has been prepared, it doesn’t include household survey data, and the data has not been adequately tested. Strategic models are not designed for use in a scheme specific assessment. The latter requires a revised forecast model produced from a recalibrated base year model using additional and more recent data with a more specific geographical focus of resources and modelling.